- Project plans
- Project activities
- Legislation and standards
- Industry context
- Specialist wikis
Last edited 26 May 2021
Mortise and tenon joints
|The lintels at Stonehenge are secured by stone mortise and tenon joints.|
This method can be quite strong and sturdy, and is often used to join two components at a right angle. It is commonly found in furniture (such as tables and beds) or structures that require durable frames, such as doors or windows. It is one of the most common types of joinery used for woodwork and furniture.
Mortise and tenon joints have been used for thousands of years, most commonly in woodworking, but also for stone, iron and so on. Ancient examples have been found in architecture, shipbuilding and furniture making around the world, including a ship in the Giza pyramid complex, roofing structures in ancient Chinese architecture and the lintels at Stonehenge.
There are many variations on the mortise and tenon joint:
- Barefaced mortise.
- Haunched mortise.
- Open mortise.
- Stub mortise.
- Through mortise.
- Through-wedged half-dovetail.
- Twin mortise.
- Wedged half-dovetail.
 Types of tenons include:
- Hammer-headed tenon.
- Half shoulder tenon.
- Loose tenon.
- Pegged (or pinned) tenon.
- Stub tenon.
- Teasel (or teazle) tenon.
- Through tenon.
- Top tenon.
- Tusk tenon.
 Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki
Featured articles and news
IHBC publishes response to consultation.
Institute applauds funding initiatives but presses for additional retrofit and tax measures.
The switch from analogue to digital has begun.
The fourth industrial revolution is well underway.
Free online resource will offer guidance on conserving places and the planet during COP26.
Government allocates additional money for building new homes on derelict land.
Smart built environments can be designed around the requirements of real people.
Consistency is at the core of realistic strategies.
Entries being accepted until 20 November 2021.