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Last edited 20 Aug 2020
Mortise and tenon joints
|The lintels at Stonehenge are secured by stone mortise and tenon joints.|
This method can be quite strong and sturdy, and is often used to join two components at a right angle. It is commonly found in furniture (such as tables and beds) or structures that require durable frames, such as doors or windows. It is one of the most common types of joinery used for woodwork and furniture.
Mortise and tenon joints have been used for thousands of years, most commonly in woodworking, but also for for stone, iron and so on. Ancient examples have been found in architecture, shipbuilding and furniture making around the world, including a ship in the Giza pyramid complex, roofing structures in ancient Chinese architecture and the lintels at Stonehenge.
There are many variations on the mortise and tenon joint:
- Barefaced mortise.
- Haunched mortise.
- Open mortise.
- Stub mortise.
- Through mortise.
- Through-wedged half-dovetail.
- Twin mortise.
- Wedged half-dovetail.
 Types of tenons include:
- Hammer-headed tenon.
- Half shoulder tenon.
- Loose tenon.
- Pegged (or pinned) tenon.
- Stub tenon.
- Teasel (or teazle) tenon.
- Through tenon.
- Top tenon.
- Tusk tenon.
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