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Last edited 10 May 2021
Emergency healthcare architecture in Brazil
 Brazilian experiences
- Hospitals that care exclusively for the patient with the disease, including existing units converted to service and units built temporarily for assistance.
- Hospitals for general disease care including COVID-19.
In most hospitals, a crisis committee was set up with professionals from management, assistance and technical areas such as architecture and engineering. The main concerns were related to changes in external and internal flows, the creation of beds dedicated to COVID, the mapping and or the acquisition of new equipment and the identification of the need to provide changes in the air conditioning system.
The first adaptations were: the creation of external environments for screening potentially infected patients, the separation of flows between different patients and the separation of access by the assistance team. Then came the zoning of inpatient areas, which defined exclusive areas for infected patients. Another fundamental item was the organization of the areas of laboratory and imaging exams.
The arrangements in the space can vary from a large inpatient unit with 60 intensive care beds (with adaptable criticality allowing the patient's stage of recovery in the bed itself), to a 30-bed hospital of medium complexity with an operating/obstetric centre, basic imaging, and laboratory. This includes technical and logistical support sectors necessary for its operation.
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