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Last edited 22 Dec 2020
2016 population projections
In addition, the population is projected to continue ageing. In 2014, the average (median) age was 40.0 years, whereas by mid-2039 this is estimated to be 42.9. By that time more than one in 12 of the population is projected to be aged 80 or over.
In terms of the overall population increase, England accounts for the largest part, with the population projected to increase by 9.0 million from 2014 to 2039. This is 0.6% higher than the 2012 projection.
The areas in England that are experiencing the fastest population growth are London, the South East and the East. Assumed net migration accounts for 51% of the increase, with natural increase resulting from a higher birth than death rate accounting for the 49%.
The figures will pose increasing challenges to local authorities, all but 11 of which are projected to grow in population over the next 25 years. Local plans will be interrogated to determine the extent to which local authorities have taken the new projections into account when assessing housing need.
 Find out more
 Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki
- Compact sustainable city.
- Exploring the impact of the ageing population on the workforce and built environment.
- Changing lifestyles.
- National infrastructure plan.
- Redefining density, making the best use of London’s land to build more and better homes.
 External references
- Planning Portal - Latest population projections published.
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