The foundation for building preservation was laid in the 19th century with two distinct movements; 'restoration movement’ as argued by e.g. Eugène Viollet-le-Duc and the ‘anti-restoration’ or ‘conservation’ movement as supported by e.g. John Ruskin. Both approaches aim for the ‘protection of historic buildings and works of art’ , yet methods and objectives are often conflicting. Both movements intend to safeguard monuments as historical evidence. Generally speaking, preservation means to keep an existing building from falling into decay and protecting it from irredeemable damage, alterations and changes. [1,2,3,4]
- Ashworth, A. (2012). Preservation, Conservation and Heritage: Approaches to the Past in the Present through the Built Environment. Asian Anthropology, 10(1), 1-18. https://doi.org/10.1080/1683478X.2011.10552601
- ICOMOS. (1964). Venice Charter: International Charter for the Conservation and Restoration of Monuments and Sites. Article 5. Venice.
- Huuhka, S. & Vestergaard, I. (2019). Building conservation and the circular economy: a theoretical consideration. Journal of Cultural Heritage Management and Sustainable Development 10(1), 29–40. https://doi.org/10.1108/JCHMSD-06-2019-0081
- Rouhi, J. (2016). Development of the Theories of Cultural Heritage Conservation in Europe: A Survey of 19th And 20th Century Theories.
- Archaeology and construction.
- Building Preservation Notice.
- CIOB conservation scheme welcomes retrofit roles.
- Conservation of the historic environment.
- Curated decay.
- Listed buildings.
- Principles of conservation.
- Remedial works.
- Restoration v repair.
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The Circular Economy wiki is supported by the Circular Construction in Regenerative Cities (CIRCuIT) project, which is funded by the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme. CIRCuIT is a collaborative project involving 31 ambitious partners across the entire built environment chain in Copenhagen, Hamburg, Helsinki Region and Greater London. Through a series of demonstrations, case studies, events and dissemination activities, the project will showcase how circular construction practices can be scaled and replicated across Europe to enable sustainable building in cities and the transition to a circular economy on a wider scale.