The foundation for building preservation was laid in the 19th century with two distinct movements; 'restoration movement’ as argued by e.g. Eugène Viollet-le-Duc and the ‘anti-restoration’ or ‘conservation’ movement as supported by e.g. John Ruskin. Both approaches aim for the ‘protection of historic buildings and works of art’ , yet methods and objectives are often conflicting. Both movements intend to safeguard monuments as historical evidence. Generally speaking, preservation means to keep an existing building from falling into decay and protecting it from irredeemable damage, alterations and changes. [1,2,3,4]
- Ashworth, A. (2012). Preservation, Conservation and Heritage: Approaches to the Past in the Present through the Built Environment. Asian Anthropology, 10(1), 1-18. https://doi.org/10.1080/1683478X.2011.10552601
- ICOMOS. (1964). Venice Charter: International Charter for the Conservation and Restoration of Monuments and Sites. Article 5. Venice.
- Huuhka, S. & Vestergaard, I. (2019). Building conservation and the circular economy: a theoretical consideration. Journal of Cultural Heritage Management and Sustainable Development 10(1), 29–40. https://doi.org/10.1108/JCHMSD-06-2019-0081
- Rouhi, J. (2016). Development of the Theories of Cultural Heritage Conservation in Europe: A Survey of 19th And 20th Century Theories.
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