Last edited 25 Oct 2023


A biome is a large community of vegetation and wildlife adapted to one of the specific climates that occur across the earth crust:

Interpretation differs and reference can also be found to 10 global biomes, although some of these biomes might be considered as divisions of the above into more specific categories, such as freshwater, marine, savanna, tropical rainforest, temperate rainforest, and taiga. Aquatic biomes include both freshwater and marine biomes.

North Ayrshire Local Biodiversity Action Plan, 2019-2031, published by North Ayrshire Council, defines biome as: ‘The largest unit of ecological classification that is convenient to recognize below the entire globe. Terrestrial biomes are typically based on dominant vegetation structure (e.g., forest, grassland). Ecosystems within a biome function in a broadly similar way, although they may have very different species composition. For example, all forests share certain properties regarding nutrient cycling, disturbance, and biomass that are different from the properties of grasslands. Marine biomes are typically based on biogeochemical properties.’

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