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Last edited 13 Feb 2020
Upfront emissions refers to: ‘The embodied carbon associated with building construction, including the extraction and processing of materials and the energy and water consumption in the production, assembly, and construction of the building. This is distinct from “in-use” and “end of life” stages.’
Ref Climate Emergency Design Guide: How new buildings can meet UK climate change targets, published by the London Energy Transformation Initiative (LETI) in January 2020.
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