Last edited 07 Mar 2022

Main author

BSRIA Institute / association Website


Embodied Carbon, The Inventory of Carbon and Energy (ICE), By Prof. Geoffrey Hammond and Craig Jones, Ed. Fiona Lowrie and Peter Tse, published by BSRIA in 2011, defines the cradle as: ‘…the earth, i.e. material deposits within the ground.’

It suggests cradle-to-gate: ‘Encompasses all input and output flows (as applicable from the system boundaries) between the confines of the cradle up to the factory gate of the final processing operation.

It defines cradle-to-gate + end-of-life as: ‘Cradle-to-gate plus the end of life processes. This excludes the use phase.’

Cradle-to-grave as: ‘Cradle-to-gate plus operation plus end of life processes. A complete study.’

And cradle-to-site as: ‘Cradle-to-gate plus delivery to the site of use (installation site).’


[edit] Related articles on Designing Buildings

Designing Buildings Anywhere

Get the Firefox add-on to access 20,000 definitions direct from any website

Find out more Accept cookies and
don't show me this again