Mouldings, also known as covings, are decorative strips used to cover transitions between surfaces in aesthetically pleasing ways. In classical architecture they are commonly found on columns and entablatures. Traditionally, mouldings were carved in marble or stone, but today, they are also commonly made from timber, plaster and plastics. Mouldings come in a variety of shapes, profiles and forms.
- Astragal: A small convex moulding.
- Bead: A convex moulding, usually semi-circular. There are a variety of different types of beads, such as angle bead, nosing bead, double bead and so on.
- Beak moulding: A moulding that is shaped into a beak-like form.
- Bed-mould: Part of the cornice that appears under the projecting edge.
- Congé: A concave moulding.
- Cyma: Sometimes called a wave moulding, this is a double curvature that is used as the uppermost element in a cornice.
- Echinus: Sits below the abacus and above the necking of a column.
- Ovolo: A convex moulding, also known as a ‘quarter round’.
- Reed: A series of convex mouldings running parallel to each other. Also known as reed moulding or reeding.
- Scotia: One of the elements used in the attic base of columns, it is a concave moulding between two fillets.
- String course: A horizontal moulding usually made from a series of complex profiles.
- Three-quarter hollow: A three-quarter concave profile.
- Three-quarter moulding: A three-quarter convex profile.
- Thumb moulding: A thumb-shaped moulding.
- Torus: A semi-circular, convex moulding that is one of the distinctive elements in the attic base of columns.
 Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki
Featured articles and news
In the week of the momentous Heathrow decision, we look back at the development and design of T5.
BSRIA’s flagship event will address performance and wellbeing beyond compliance.
Young Architects and Developers Alliance launched to build the relationship between the two disciplines.
BS 8536-2:2016 Design and construction: Code of practice for asset management (Linear and geographical infrastructure).
Paying for off-site goods or materials can be useful, but it puts the client at risk.
People power can be transformative if properly informed and inspired.
ZHA win competition to build an Urban Heritage Administration Centre in Saudi Arabia.
Leaps, not steps, are needed to avoid a ticking time bomb, say BRE in response to Farmer Review.
A multi-purpose hall in France covered in a translucent orange membrane.
Winning designs revealed for a rock formation-influenced residential complex in Rennes.
An article explaining the techniques, regulations and environmental impacts of carbon capture and storage.
Watch one of the first documentaries by the acclaimed Adam Curtis, examining the substandard system building of the 1960s.