Protected species licence
To help develop this article, click ‘Edit this article’ above.
The Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981 provides protection for animal and plant species that are rare in Great Britain. However, Under certain circumstances, it may be necessary disturb or remove wildlife:
- To prevent damage to agriculture, livestock, fisheries, property or archaeology.
- To protect the health and safety of the general public.
- To carry out maintenance and land development.
- For science, education and conservation purposes.
- To prevent disease amongst species.
- To keep or release non-native species.
- To sell, own, exhibit or transport protected species.
A licence may be required to disturb certain habitats or remove wildlife from their natural environments. Failure to obtain a suitable licence can result in a fine of up to £5,000 and 6 months in prison.
There are 3 main types of licence:
- General licences, for activities that need a specific skill or experience to avoid risk to the conservation or welfare of a protected species. General licences do not need to be applied for, but it is necessary to be eligible to use them under the conditions of the specific licence.
- Class licences, for activities that have a lower risk to conservation or the welfare of a protected species. It is necessary to register with Natural England and to be eligible to use the licence.
- Individual licences which must be applied for. Applicants may need to provide references and proof of qualification. Individual licences tend to take around 30 working days to obtain. Normally licences last for one year and can be renewed by applying to Natural England.
In addition, licences may be necessary to:
- Keep or release non-native species.
- Release a non-native species.
- Keep mink, grey squirrel and coypu.
- Keep non-native bumblebees.
- Deliberately capture, injure or kill any European protected species.
- Deliberately disturb them.
- Damage or destroy a breeding site or resting place.
- The activity must be for a certain purpose (for example, for scientific research or in the public interest).
- There must be no satisfactory alternative that will cause less harm to the species.
- The activity must not harm the long-term conservation status of the species, and so it may be necessary to create new habitats to offset any damage.
 Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki
- Biodiversity offsetting.
- Ecological Impact Assessment EcIA
- Ecological survey.
- Eco-Management and Audit Scheme.
- Environmental impact assessment.
- Environmental plan.
- Environmental policy.
- Great crested newt.
- Japanese knotweed.
- National nature reserves.
- Natural England.
- Preliminary ecological appraisal.
- Protected species.
- Tree preservation order.
- Wildlife and Countryside Act.
Featured articles and news
Leaps, not steps, are needed to avoid a ticking time bomb, say BRE in response to Farmer Review.
A multi-purpose hall in France covered in a translucent orange membrane.
Winning designs revealed for a rock formation-influenced residential complex in Rennes.
An article explaining the techniques, regulations and environmental impacts of carbon capture and storage.
Watch one of the first documentaries by the acclaimed Adam Curtis, examining the substandard system building of the 1960s.
Take a look at the tech start-up that could transform construction design and communication.
This house in Barcelona uses an innovative new facade tiling system to blend into the landscape.
The origins, evolution and future of Level 3 BIM.
For new and returning Urban Design students, check out our article list divided up into the modules you'll be studying.
Report states that health of urban dwellers could be significantly improved by rethinking transport design.
The Kremlin, the centre of Russian power, includes some of the country's finest architecture.