Responsibility for granting planning permission lies with local planning authorities, usually the planning department of the district or borough council (see local planning authority for more information). If planning permission is refused, the applicant may lodge an appeal which will then usually be decided by a planning inspector acting for the Secretary of State.
Local plans are prepared by district planning authorities (local planning authorities responsible for district matters). They set out a framework for the future development of an area, defining; the priorities for an area, strategic policies, the framework for neighbourhood plans, land allocations, infrastructure requirements housing needs, requirements for safeguarding the environment, measures for adapting to climate change and so on.
Neighbourhood planning was introduced by the Localism Act and was brought into effect by the Neighbourhood Planning (General) Regulations. It allows local communities to influence where new developments should take place, what new developments should look like and under certain circumstances to grant planning permission. Where there is a parish or town council, they can represent the local community. Where there is not, the local community may decide to be represented by an existing community group or to create a new community group.
In Scotland, primary planning law is established by The Town and Country Planning Act (Scotland) Chapter 8 as amended by The Planning etc. (Scotland) Act. Local authorities and the national park authorities are responsibility for delivering planning services.
In Northern Ireland, the primary planning legislation is The Planning (Northern Ireland) Order. Permissions are granted by the Department of the Environment Planning and Local Government Group following consultation with the district or borough council.
See Planning policy for more information.
 Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki
- Archaeological officer.
- Conservation officer.
- Development management.
- Duty to cooperate.
- Local plan.
- Local planning authority.
- Housing standards review.
- National planning policy framework.
- Neighbourhood planning.
- Planning appeal.
- Planning enforcement.
- Planning permission.
- Planning policy.
- Public authority.
Featured articles and news
The origins, evolution and future of Level 3 BIM.
For new and returning Urban Design students, check out our article list divided up into the modules you'll be studying.
Report states that health of urban dwellers could be significantly improved by rethinking transport design.
The Kremlin, the centre of Russian power, includes some of the country's finest architecture.
Report launched outlining steps for a national infrastructure system that is efficient, sustainable, and delivers until 2050.
A review of Justin Bere's concise and well-presented introductory guide to Passive House.
This article describes in detail the tender process for a typical commercial construction contract.
What is energy storage, what are the different types and what is its future?
MAD Architects reveal their designs for a state-of-the-art concert hall in Beijing.
Take a look at BIG's designs for two twisting towers in New York City.
'The filing cabinet' which was labelled one of the best British buildings of the 21st century.