Last edited 08 Sep 2016

Site induction

Site induction is the process of ensuring workers on construction sites are fully informed about the organisation and operation of the site and of their responsibilities. It focusses in particular on safety aspects of the site.

The CDM regulations require that principal contractors ensure suitable site inductions are provided. They also require that contractors must provide each worker under their control with appropriate supervision, instructions and information so that construction work can be carried out, so far as is reasonably practicable, without risks to health and safety, and that this must include a suitable site induction, where not already provided by the principal contractor.

Site inductions may also be necessary for people visiting the site who might not necessarily be considered ‘workers’. Site Inductions should be proportionate to the nature of the visit; escorted visitors need not have the level of detail that unescorted visitors should have.

It is important that this is not just a box-ticking exercise, but that it is given suitable time and priority, and is prepared specifically for the project in question, rather than following a pre-prepared generic format. It should highlight any particular risks and control measures that those working on, or visiting the project need to know about. Information should be clear and tailored to the audience. A record of the information and attendees should be kept, and ideally, some form of recorded assessment and declaration should be carried out to ensure that attendees have understood what they have been told.

Managing health and safety in construction, Construction (Design and Management) Regulations 2015, Guidance on Regulations suggests the following issue should be considered:

  • Senior management commitment to health and safety.
  • Outline of the project.
  • Management of the project.
  • First-aid arrangements.
  • Accident and incident reporting arrangements.
  • Arrangements for briefing workers on an ongoing basis, eg toolbox talks.
  • Arrangements for consulting the workforce on health and safety matters.
  • Individual worker’s responsibility for health and safety.

They might include information about:

Site inductions should include information about work involving particular risks such as those referred to in Schedule 3 of the CDM regulations:

  • Work which puts workers at risk of burial under earthfalls, engulfment in swampland or falling from a height, where the risk is particularly aggravated by the nature of the work or processes used or by the environment at the place of work or site.
  • Work which puts workers at risk from chemical or biological substances constituting a particular danger to the safety or health of workers or involving a legal requirement for health monitoring.
  • Work with ionizing radiation requiring the designation of controlled or supervised areas under regulation 16 of the Ionising Radiations Regulations 1999.
  • Work near high voltage power lines.
  • Work exposing workers to the risk of drowning.
  • Work on wells, underground earthworks and tunnels.
  • Work carried out by divers having a system of air supply.
  • Work carried out by workers in caissons with a compressed air atmosphere.
  • Work involving the use of explosives.
  • Work involving the assembly or dismantling of heavy prefabricated components.

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