Last edited 09 Feb 2021

Tempering heating



[edit] Introduction

Tempering heating is a form of convection heating that is installed either into - or adjacent to - walls to moderate the temperature and moisture levels inside. This type of radiant heat distribution was introduced in 1982 by the Bavarian State conservation office.

As a form of climate control, tempering heating developed as a method for managing rising damp problems in museums where the moisture and its related consequences (such as mould, salt, bacteria and so on) could damage artwork and other vulnerable items in museum collections.

Tempered heating can also be an effective method for heating places of worship, fortresses and other historic buildings constructed from stone.

[edit] Radiant heating

A tempered heating system generates a steady flow of warm air that travels through a collection of looping tubes in the shell of the building. This approach reduces the capillary distribution of all forms of dampness while heating the room at the same time.

This type of radiant heating system warms surfaces that then in turn re-radiate heat and warm air adjacent to them by convection. This allows heat from a radiant source to distribute through a space. Because it is mainly directly heating through radiation, rather than heating the air (as in convective heating), it can be more efficient, particularly in large spaces, in spaces with poor insulation or in unenclosed or semi-enclosed spaces.

A tempered wall radiant heating system tends to be a low-temperature system spread over large surface areas. It heats certain walls continuously throughout the year, while others are only heated when colder temperatures are expected.

[edit] Benefits and drawbacks

Compared to other forms of heating, radiant heating (depending on the system used) can be:

Radiant heating also has less impact on air moisture content than other heating methods. However, depending on the system adopted:

[edit] Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki

[edit] External references


Most tempered wall heating use hydronic emitters ie. hot water like floor heating but embedded in the wall.

Most of the distribution is by radiant heat 80% , convection currents 20% max. Its like when you are sking the air temp is 0C or less but the (directional) radiant heat of the sun keeps you warm.

Tempering wall heating system pdf

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