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Last edited 25 Feb 2021
- Safety signs.
- Identification and wayfinding.
- Branding and advertisement.
- Instruction and prohibition.
The installation of safety signage is mandated by the Health and safety at work act 1974. Safety signs must be provided and maintained in circumstances where a health and safety risk or hazards are identified.
Mandatory safety signs consist of:
- Warning signs (warning of a hazard) – triangular signs with black pictogram and yellow background.
- Prohibition signs (prohibits an action) – round shape with black or white pictogram and either red edgings or a diagonal line.
- Mandatory action signs (prescribes specific behavior) – round shape with white pictogram and blue background.
- Emergency signs (information for emergency situations) – rectangular or square shape with white pictogram and green background.
- Fire safety signs (information for fire emergency) - combination of warning and emergency signs.
- BS 1710:2014 Specification for Identification of Pipelines and Services
- BS 5499-4:2013 Safety Signs. Code of Practice for Escape Route Signing
- BS 5499-10:2014 Safety Signs, Including Fire Safety Signs. Code of Practice for the Use of Safety Signs, Including Fire Safety Signs
- BS 9999:2017 Fire Safety in the Design, Management and Use of Buildings. Code of Practice
- BS ISO 3864-1:2011 Graphical Symbols. Safety Colours and Safety Signs. Design Principles for Safety Signs and Safety Markings
- BS ISO 3864-4:2011 Graphical Symbols. Safety Colours and Safety Signs. Colorimetric and Photometric Properties of Safety Sign Materials
 Identification and wayfinding signs
Wayfinding signage can provide direction to a particular room or area and is important in large, complex buildings such as hospitals, educational facilities or transport terminals. In such cases, a uniform house style is considered desirable for consistency and clarity.
 Branding and advertisement
Effective wayfinding can not only produce a safer environment, it can also create a positive impression. The location and design of identification and wayfinding and other signage forms a major part of an organisation’s corporate image and may be specified in some detail by in-house design guides.
 Instruction and prohibition signs
Signage in buildings may also instruct users to behave in certain way (‘please knock before entering’) or prohibit them from undertaking certain activities (‘no eating or drinking’). This may reflect an organisation’s internal policies, such as prohibiting the use of mobile phones in certain areas.
 Materials and construction
- Metals – aluminium, stainless steel, metal composites, bronze & brass.
- Plastics- acrylics, polyurethanes, PVC, plexiglass.
- Backlit and illuminated.
- Digital screens.
 Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki
- Advertisement consent.
- Braille signage and accessibility.
- Emergency lighting.
- Fire safety design.
- Hoarding for construction sites.
- Means of escape.
- Planning digital signage in new buildings.
- Safety signs
 External references
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