The King’s School, Worcester
This article describes a tour by the Institute of Historic Building Conservation (IHBC) in 2016. The tour was led by John Christophers of Associated Architects, who was commissioned to prepare two 10-year master plans for King’s School, Worcester, from 1998-2018, and John Kirwan, a former lecturer in architecture and conservation, and a retired conservation officer.
[Image: Michael Baker Boathouse. Copyright Martine Hamilton Knight.]
The independent school, located in the heart of Worcester, straddling two conservation areas and a scheduled ancient monument, includes a mixture of buildings, several of which are listed. The master plan analysed how buildings were being used, concluding that some were surplus to requirements, and in need of upgrading or complete replacement.
The former Royal Worcester Porcelain Works canteen (1884) was refurbished for use as the art school and gallery. The roof space was opened up and supplemented with a three-storey extension to the rear. Delegates discussed the impact of the extension. John Kirwan, who was involved at planning application stage, suggested that it might have been less dominant had the extension been set further back.
The 1997 master plan identified the original Victorian Schoolhouse as the best location for a new library. The remodelled building provides a modern library arranged on two levels, illuminated by light wells with access by a ramped glass bridge. The building, with its low carbon emissions and architect-designed furniture (notably the bookcases), has won several architectural awards.
The tour featured two new buildings. The Keyes Building accommodates a multi-use sports hall, gym, classrooms, dance and drama studio, sixth-form area and subterranean car park. The aim was to minimise the bulk of the building and to respect the symmetry of the Victorian Royal Worcester building opposite (a two-storey red brick building with buff brick detailing) by providing an active frontage, with recessed windows and metal panelling, and adding oriel windows.
The building is faced with buff-coloured Ibstock brick in Saxon bond (a term coined by John Christophers to resemble ancient long-and-short work). The lettering sculptor Gary Breeze was commissioned to decorate the metal cladding. His distinctive lettering is used elsewhere in the school – yet another design feature tying the master plan together.
The Michael Baker Boathouse, a landmark building occupying a prominent location on the waterfront, with a distinctive cantilevered prow, is clad in sweet chestnut. The upper floor is light and airy with frameless glazing, and outstanding views to the river and cathedral beyond.
John Christophers explained that ‘the capital cost of a building is only a tiny fraction of the overall cost of running it’. By working closely together over a number of years, Christophers was able to persuade the school to take a longer view, incorporating design features which may initially appear to cost more but which will ultimately reduce running costs.
The tour was inspirational, rather like accompanying a 21st-century arts-and-crafts architect who designed not only the building but also the furniture and fittings. A talented architect can achieve outstanding results working closely with a sympathetic and well-informed client.
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Understanding why and how buildings are listed this provides an introduction for owners, occupiers and agents about what listing means for them.