The Design Process in Engineering
To guarantee the highest possible service in engineering, it is vital to ensure that the design process is completed accurately. Optimised end results are vital and possible through the careful consideration of each step of the design process.
Sharing expertise and knowledge in engineering allows for the development of innovative design procedures. From the moment that engineers begin working on a problem until the last, designs are thoroughly tested before manufacture.
Addressing each step of the design process is essential and, when steps are skipped, avoidable disasters tend to occur.
Step #1: Defining the Problem
As engineering is extremely important in society and present in many ways, the design process becomes a necessity to address issues and requirements. Whether engineers are approached with the problem directly or they address it themselves, they require expert and professional eyes to ensure their optimised correction.
Defining the problem is the first step in the design process, in which it needs to be clearly outlined. Engineers begin by looking at problems with a society’s point of view, and then they address them from their own through collecting data, running experiments, and computing any existing variables.
Step #2: Finding Solutions and Design Optimisation
A problem will often have a variety of possible solutions, which must all be explored to ensure the best possible choice is made. Software such as CAD design allows for virtual prototyping and, eventually, rapid prototyping. These systems provide a quick formulation of physical renderings of designs variations.
With engineering projects such as the construction of buildings, it is vital to guarantee the utmost accuracy. Optimising the design ensures this factor is addressed, with thorough testing of the possible solutions.
Step #3: Implementing the Optimised Design
With working versions of the final design, this design is put to test within real conditions. In engineering, this design process isn’t linear and engineers often revisit the first or the second step until the final design is found.
The designs showcase the strengths and weaknesses through testing under real conditions, and the strong points are strengthened while the weak ones are addressed. The end product is a combination of multiple re-designs and testing, to ensure that the problem is addressed and answered.
The different industries in engineering must carefully make use of this process, as industries such as aerospace and construction could potentially endanger lives. If not optimised to perfection, society might find that the designs fail at the worst possible moments and in catastrophic ways.
--European Springs and Pressings Ltd 15:31, 22 Aug 2017 (BST)
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