The term ‘perpend’ refers to the vertical joints between blocks or bricks that have been laid in a horizontal course to form a wall. Perpends are normally filled and sealed with mortar. The horizontal mortar joint in a wall construction is typically referred to as the bed joint.
Rather than being filled with mortar, perpends may also be left open to form weep holes or cavity ventilators. These provide openings that allow the drainage of moisture from within a wall construction and allow ventilating air to the back of a wall to help prevent mildew, dry rot and damp. They are generally formed by plastic inserts into the perpends, as these form a more uniform opening compared to simply leaving a void. See weep holes for more information.
A perpend stone is a long stone that extends between the inner and outer layers of a stone wall, tying the two layers together. The stone is ‘dressed’ at both ends.
The term ‘perpend’ may also be used more generally to refer to any brick or stone the longest dimension of which is perpendicular to the face of the wall.
 Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki
Featured articles and news
It was the tallest structure in the world for 3,800 years, but to this day the exact construction techniques are a mystery.
Shortlist for the industry's most coveted award announced.
Government responds to Mark Farmer's review of industry, rejecting the call for a levy on clients.
Peter Hansford to examine what wider lessons can be learned from the fire.
Every project is subject to uncertainty. How can construction better understand uncertainty for performance improvement?
MAD Architects reveal their designs for a futuristic campus for electric car manufacturer.
Homebuyers could borrow more with better forecasting of energy bills, according to industry consortium's new report.
Read our introductory article on carbon capture and storage.
Have a look at Frank Gehry's Binoculars Building in Los Angeles.
BRE publish new Loss Prevention Standard seeking to minimise fire risk from ducting.
How do we tell which infrastructure projects will work?
CIAT announce the establishment of a Working Group in light of Grenfell and call for contributions.
In 1900, 15% of global population lived in cities. Now it’s over 50%. Which is why we need ‘hydroinformatics’ to consume smarter.
Have a look at these competition-winning designs for a new residential development in Eindhoven.