English Heritage (or the Historic Buildings and Monuments Commission for England) was created by the National Heritage Act 1983 when it took on heritage functions previously carried out by the Department of the Environment (DOE), the Ancient Monuments Board for England and the Historic Buildings Council for England. Subsequently it also took on the functions of the Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England (RCHME).
- Historic England, the new official name for The Historic Buildings and Monuments Commission for England previously known as English Heritage, which will provide planning and conservation services.
- A new charity, officially called the English Heritage Trust, which took the name of English Heritage and will manage the National Heritage Collection (state-owned historic properties that are open to the public) under a licence from Historic England that runs until 2023. Historic England is the sole member of English Heritage who will appoint trustees to its board.
This change took place on 1 April 2015.
Its purpose is to:
- Secure the preservation of ancient monuments and historic buildings.
- Promote the preservation and enhancement of the character and appearance of conservation areas.
- Promote the public’s enjoyment and knowledge of, ancient monuments and historic buildings.
It does this by:
- Advising government on which parts of our heritage are nationally important, and promoting the importance of heritage in making places distinctive and valued.
- Advising local authorities on managing changes to the most important parts of our heritage.
- Providing grants to reduce the amount of heritage at risk.
- Providing training and guidance for people working in heritage as well as practical conservation advice and access to resources.
- Supporting the English Heritage Trust in its care of the National Heritage Collection.
Historic England is overseen by the governing board of the Historic Buildings and Monuments Commission for England. It is run by a Chief Executive supported by an Executive Board comprising the Executive Directors of Historic England's five operational groups.
It has three non-executive committees that advise on strategy, policy and casework and four committees to help manage internal business. It also has five non-executive panels to advise staff on policy and practice in specialist fields.
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- Archaeology and construction.
- Archaeological officer.
- Building Preservation Notice.
- Capacity-building grants support management of the historic environment.
- Certificate of immunity.
- Conservation area.
- Conservation officer.
- Designated areas.
- 'England's Post-War Listed Buildings'.
- English Heritage.
- Heritage Action Zone.
- Heritage at Risk Register.
- Heritage definition.
- Historic England's charged-for services for listing certainty and pre-application planning conversations.
- Listed buildings.
- Principles of conservation.
- Scheduled monuments.
- Scottish Natural Heritage.
- Society for the Protection of Ancient Buildings.
- Statutory consultees.
- VAT - protected buildings.
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