In the classical architecture of Ancient Greece and Rome, a frieze is a long and narrow sculptural band that runs along the middle of an entablature, used for decorative purposes. It sits on top of the column capitals, in between the architrave on the lowest level and the cornice at the top.
In buildings using the Doric architectural order, the frieze is usually consists of alternate triglyphs (projecting rectangular blocks with three vertical channels), and metopes (spaces). In buildings using the Ionic, Corinthian or Composite orders, the frieze is usually ornamented with relief figures. Friezes seen on Roman buildings are usually decorated with plant motifs. Late Roman and many Renaissance structures feature a pulvinated frieze, in which the frieze’s profile is a convex curve.
In the Doric order, triglyphs often appear regularly-spaced on the frieze. These are rectangular details, representative of the beams used to post and beam construction. The spaces between triglyphs are called metopes.
The most famous example of a frieze is that carved on the outer wall of the Parthenon temple in Athens, Greece, which is a representation of a ritual festival procession.
In interior design, a frieze can also refer to any long, narrow, horizontal panel or band used for decorative purposes on the walls of a room.
 Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki
- Architectural styles.
- Barrel vault.
- Classical orders in architecture.
- Cornice coving and architrave definitions.
- Elements of classical columns.
- Pendentive dome.
- Trompe l’oeil.
Featured articles and news
The branch explores ‘Heritage in Law’ in its 2017 Conference, supported by Historic England which takes place in Bristol on 9 June with reduced rates for IHBC members.
Including the recommendation that ‘the current measure of % of A-listed buildings on the Buildings at Risk Register is replaced with % of pre-1919 dwellings classified as having disrepair to critical elements.’
Originally the ‘Newsletter’ of the predecessor organisation, the ACO, Context is today the historic environment practitioner’s best source for accessible expertise in contemporary conservation.
Director’s top pick this week features a call from Greenham Parish Council for a Project Manager to lead on the refurbishment of the iconic control tower of the former Greenham Common airfield.
The Mount Pleasant Neighbourhood Forum has submitted the Order as the group intends to provide 40 more affordable homes than the Royal Mail scheme that has already been granted permission.
The HLF is changing the way it funds places of worship as From September 2017, the current Grants for Places of Worship programme will close to new applications.
Locality, the link group for community-led neighbourhood organisations, seeks to uncover what is needed to reinvigorate local democracy and empower communities.
£250 million scheme to build a three-tower housing complex on the edge of Liverpool’s business district has secured approval.