- Project plans
- Project activities
- Legislation and standards
- Industry context
Last edited 23 Sep 2016
Prior to her death in April 2016, Zaha Hadid's firm completed the D'Leedon complex in Singapore. The development comprises 7 residential towers, 12 semi-detached villas and integrated landscaping with recreation facilities.
Each of the seven towers taper inwards as they reach the ground to optimise public space with a unique petal-shaped layout which allows for windows on three sides of the apartments and cross-air flows to the living rooms and bedrooms as well as natural ventilation in all kitchens and bathrooms.
The generative floor plan of the petal changes shape along the height of the tower in relation to the different configuration and type of residential units. The changing composition of unit type enables the towers to respond to a series of parameters dictated by site conditions, internal organisation and structural optimisation.
An innovative concrete shuttering systems was developed to allow the construction of columns at varying angles. The balconies and the bay windows were pre-cast on site and craned to position to be bonded to the structure as the tower was climbing.
Double curved concrete façade panels were prefabricated from GRC off site, and used as permanent moulds giving a very high level of exterior finish to a complex geometry. The concrete was simply finished with render and white paint, leaving the floor structural joints marked. This simple surface treatment highlights the mass while providing the required level of consistency and quality of finishes that a high-end residential development demands.
Environmental considerations and the location along the equator determined the orientation of the towers along the East-West axis in order to optimise solar gain. Sustainable features were introduced to allow generation and re-use of energy on site and to minimise its consumption. The development was awarded Gold+ from Singapore's Building and Construction Authority (BCA) Green Mark Scheme for its design approach.
Images courtesy of Hufton + Crow.
Content courtesy of Zaha Hadid Architects
 Find out more
 Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki:
- 22 Bishopsgate.
- 600 Collins Street, Melbourne.
- Battersea Power Station.
- Development House, Shoreditch.
- Hertsmere House project.
- Kaplan North Masterplan Complex.
- Masaryk Railway Station regeneration.
- Millennium Mills.
- Mixed-use development.
- One Hyde Park.
- Port House, Antwerp.
- Salerno Maritime Terminal.
- Tebrau Waterfront Residences.
- The Mile.
- US embassy hotel plans.
- Vista Tower, Chicago.
- Zaha Hadid.
Featured articles and news
ICE responds to a transport consultation advising the government to make decisions enabling more inclusive cities.
BRE and Loughborough University complete first phase refurbishment of demonstration home.
How the risk of collapse of fibrous plaster ceilings is being addressed in theatres.
If you’re a great writer and have practical experience of the construction industry, it could be you.
Frustrated by long documents or technical jargon? Put off by sign-up forms or costs? Take this 5 min survey to help improve construction knowledge.
These are attached to land that is the subject of a planning permission, and used to compensate for negative impacts.
ICE Scotland launch its new report for a long-term, holistic approach to infrastructure planning and funding.
Building surveys provide a detailed evaluation of a property's condition and involve an extensive inspection.
Government announces additional £2m funding for councils to tackle rogue landlords.
Maintenance is the process of ensuring that buildings retain a good appearance and operate at optimum efficiency.
Andrew Wyllie CBE, the CEO of Costain, becomes the 154th ICE President.