VAT refunds on self-build homes
Self-build homes and the conversion of non-residential buildings into dwellings may qualify to reclaim the VAT paid on eligible building materials and services. The building must not be intended to be used for business purposes.
The refund applies whether the home owner carries out the building work themselves, or whether they use builders to do some, or all of the work for them. Refunds are also permitted where the home owner adds to or finishes a partly completed new building, but not for extra work carried out on a completed building.
Claims to HMRC can only be made once the construction is finished. Completion can be demonstrated by:
- A certificate or letter of completion from the local authority for building regulations purposes.
- A habitation certificate or letter from the local authority.
- A valuation rating or council tax assessment.
- A certificate from a bank or building society.
Claims must be made within three months of completion and refunds will normally be made within 30 banking days of receiving the claim.
- The supplier's VAT registration number.
- The quantity and description of the goods and/or services.
- The purchaser’s name and address if the value is more than £100.
- The price of each item.
It is much easier to collect, collate and process the appropriate paperwork as project progresses than it is to try to do so after the building is complete.
Claims can be made for:
- Building materials or goods incorporated into the building or conversion itself, or into the site (that is materials or goods that cannot be removed without using tools and damaging the building or the goods themselves). Exceptions include; fitted furniture, some electrical and gas appliances, and carpets or garden ornaments.
- If you are converting a non-residential building into a home, you can reclaim the VAT charged by your builder. For conversions, a builder can sometimes charge you a reduced rate instead of the standard rate of VAT.
VAT paid on any professional or supervisory services cannot be reclaimed (although in kit houses this may be wrapped-up in the price of the kit), neither can VAT paid on services such as the hire of plant, tools and equipment.
 Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki
- Business rates.
- Kit house.
- Self build.
- Self-build home project plan.
- Self-build homes negotiating discounts.
- Self build initiative.
- Stamp duty.
- VAT - Option to tax (or to elect to waive exemption from VAT).
- VAT - Protected Buildings.
 External references
Featured articles and news
Take a look at the tech start-up that could transform construction design and communication.
This house in Barcelona uses an innovative new facade tiling system to blend into the landscape.
The origins, evolution and future of Level 3 BIM.
For new and returning Urban Design students, check out our article list divided up into the modules you'll be studying.
Report states that health of urban dwellers could be significantly improved by rethinking transport design.
The Kremlin, the centre of Russian power, includes some of the country's finest architecture.
Report launched outlining steps for a national infrastructure system that is efficient, sustainable, and delivers until 2050.
A review of Justin Bere's concise and well-presented introductory guide to Passive House.
This article describes in detail the tender process for a typical commercial construction contract.
What is energy storage, what are the different types and what is its future?
'The filing cabinet' which was labelled one of the best British buildings of the 21st century.