St. Basil's Cathedral
The Cathedral of Vasily the Blessed, more popularly known as St. Basil’s Cathedral, is a church located at one end of Moscow’s Red Square. It was built between 1551 and 1561 at the behest of Ivan the Terrible as a war memorial, with the architects designing eight pillar-shaped churches on one base, arranging seven of them around the central church, using domes, polygonal towers, blank arches and sharp spires to create the shape of bonfire flames rising into the sky.
As Russian preferences moved towards the use of vivid colours during the 18th century, the onion-shaped domes were given garish individual colour schemes.
The cathedral has narrowly avoided destruction on several occasions. In the 19th century, Napoleon and his forces tried to dynamite it as they left Russia but the plan was scuppered by rain. Then in the 20th century, Stalin developed plans to destroy it, apparently for not being stylistically representative of the Soviet Union, but he was prevented by architect Pyotr Baranovsky who refused to prepare it for demolition.
Today it is a no longer a functioning church but a museum and popular tourist attraction, having become a unique and iconic symbol of Russia.
 Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki
Featured articles and news
The IHBC helps UK Civic Trusts to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the introduction of Conservation Areas, with a fund allocation of up to £2500, including a prize of a place at the IHBC’s Annual School on offer for the most effective project.
The IHBC’s commercial conservation services listing, HESPR – the Historic Environment Service Providers Recognition scheme – offers weekly HESPR Bulletins listing tender opportunities. The Director’s top pick for IHBC members this week features Redbridge Borough Council’s search for a ‘consultant to provide additional guidance to support the Council’s evidence base in relation to tall buildings throughout the Borough’, with a contract valued at £60,000.
This year the AGM will be held in Lisburn on 9th November, followed by the joint conference ‘Heritage for the Next Generation, Who Pays?’, organised by the Branch with Lagan Navigation Trust and Heritage Trust Network. Key ministerial and media speakers include Paul Givan MLA, John Sergeant and Joe Mahon.
The IHBC has warmly welcomed Historic Environment Scotland's (HES) new website, a ‘Place to Explore your Built Heritage'.
Bristol may have lost one of its oldest and most historically important churches as St Michael on the Mount Without adds itself to the long line of listed buildings assailed by fire.
A resident has been fined £1,600 after Harlow Council took him to court for failing to demolish an outbuilding he has built in his garden, as Councillor Danny Purton, Portfolio Holder for Environment there, said: ‘… People living in a conservation area take pride in maintaining its special character and this development does more harm than good and does nothing to either preserve or enhance the appearance of the area. There are no public benefits to outweigh the harm this causes.’
On 12 October 2016, the AQA exam board announced that it would not be continuing work to develop new AS and A-levels in Archaeology, Classical Civilisation, History of Art and Statistics, and petitions objecting to these plans have been generating lots of signatures.
Firefighters worked through the night of 13 October to battle a huge blaze at a former north-east hospital, the derelict Glen O’Dee hospital, Banchory as now news reports have emerged that the Category A listed building, which once featured on the BBC ‘Restoration’ programme, has been deliberately destroyed by fire.
An appeal launched relating to housing near the historic battlefield of Edgehill, Stratford-upon-Avon in Warwickshire has been dismissed, with the inspector concluding that the appeal was not in accordance with the development plan and that harm to the character of the surroundings would be likely to occur.
The remembrance poppy sculpture ‘weeping window’ which was initially at the Tower of London now graces another monument, this time in Wales, at Caernarfon Castle.