RIBA client adviser
Large client organisations that build regularly may have teams of in-house professionals to protect their interests. However, many developments are undertaken by clients that have never built before or have little experience of the construction industry.
This can leave them making decisions and considering options with no expert knowledge or advice, particularly in the very early stages of a project before a consultant team or contractor have been appointed. It is during these early stages that crucial decisions are taken about the direction the project will take, which may be difficult to reverse later, such as the selection of a site or setting the budget. Even once a consultant team has been appointed, an inexperienced client may feel that there are a lot of vested interests and that there is no way of independently verifying what they are told or of properly assessing options that are proposed.
This can be particularly important on design and build projects, or on public projects (where the government recommends the appointment of a single integrated supply team) as the client may have limited access to the design consultants. As a consequence, the government recommends that the client appoints Independent Client Advisers (ICA) to provide high-level expert advice and help protect their interests.
This is different to the role of the ‘project manager’, who is responsible for the day-to-day management of the project, or the role of ‘client representative’ responsible for managing the project on behalf of the client as if they are the client.
The role of Client Design Adviser (CDA) was created in 2005 by the Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA). It was a variation of the role of Independent Client Advisor, that focussed in particular on the early stages of a project. However, it was considered that the role was misnamed as it implied an emphasis on design, when in fact the role could include:
- Helping determine whether a project should go ahead.
- Helping prepare a business case.
- Assisting with stakeholder consultations.
- Helping develop the brief.
- Helping determine the budget.
- Helping assess possible sites.
- Carrying out feasibility studies and options appraisals.
- Advising on procurement strategies and tender procedures.
- Assessing whether proposals satisfy corporate objectives.
- Assessing proposals against the brief and budget.
- Assessing proposals in relation to quality, value and risk.
As a consequence, the RIBA renamed the role RIBA client adviser, dropping the word 'design'. RIBA Client Advisers are not permitted to act as a designer for a project, even if their appointment has been completed.
The RIBA suggest that 'RIBA Client Advisers guide clients through the process of commissioning buildings, helping them to maximise the value and quality of their projects... The RIBA Client Adviser is an RIBA-accredited role which meets the need for independent advice among public sector client groups such as the NHS, Education Funding Agency and local authorities.'
To derive the maximum benefit for the project, it is important that a client advisor is appointed as early as possible. It is also crucial to be clear in appointment documents, what is expected and at what stages, otherwise it can become a ‘creeping’ role.
Client advisors became prominent when they were a requirement for the government’s now defunct Building Schools for the Future (BSF) programme. In 2010, they came under heavy criticism, in particular from the Secretary of State for Education Michael Gove who suggested that they were “creaming off cash” under BSF. Ref Construction Manager, Architects cream off over £1m in BSF advice fees. 3 December 2010.
It might also be questioned whether architects have all the skills necessary to advise a client during the early stages of a project, or whether additional independent advice might be needed, for example in relation to the development of a business case.
 Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki
- Baseline designs for schools.
- Briefing documents.
- Building Schools for the Future.
- Business case.
- Client representative.
- Consultant team.
- Design and Build.
- Design review.
- Design team.
- Employers agent.
- Government Construction Strategy.
- Independent Client Advisors.
- Integrated supply team.
- Presenting to design review panels.
- Project manager.
 External references.
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