Health and Safety Executive HSE
The Factories Act 1833 created the first statutory requirements for health and safety in the UK, introducing factory inspectors, primarily to prevent injury and overworking in child textile workers. This was followed by the creation of the Mines Inspectorate in 1843, the Quarry Inspectorate in 1895 and then controls on agriculture the nuclear industry and so on.
This culminated in the introduction of the Health and Safety at Work etc Act and the creation of the The Health and Safety Commission (HSC) in 1974. The Health and Safety Executive (HSE) was formed on 1 January 1975 to carry out the requirements of the Health and Safety Commission.
HSE is the national independent regulator for work-related health, safety and illness, working in the public interest to reduce work-related death and serious injury in the workplace. It is a non-departmental public body (NDPB) reporting to the Department for Work and Pensions (DWP). It is governed by a Board and the Senior Management Team.
HSE’s role now includes shaping, reviewing and enforcing regulations and producing research and statistics.
 Health and safety in construction
Buildings can present a great number of possible risks both in construction and operation. There are many duties placed on those commissioning, designing, constructing and operating buildings to control those risks. The legislation affecting health and safety in design and construction falls under the Health and Safety at Work etc. Act through regulations such as the Control of Asbestos Regulations, the Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations (COSHH) and in particular the Construction (Design and Management) Regulations, first introduced in 1994. (See Health and Safety and CDM for more information).
- Mobile plant.
- Falling material and collapses.
- Electrical accidents.
- Manual handling.
- Noise and vibration.
HSE’s Construction Division is part of the Field Operations Directorate (FOD). It includes:
- Operational units with more than a hundred inspectors across the country.
- A Construction Sector dealing with key stakeholders.
- A Policy Unit which develops new construction legislation and deals with wider policy initiatives.
Inspectors have the power to:
- Enter premises.
- Issue notices requiring that improvements are made.
- To stop processes where there is a risk of serious injury.
- Prosecute a business or an individual for breaking health and safety law.
- Offer guidance, education and support.
Businesses receiving improvement or prohibition notices have the right to appeal to an industrial tribunal, although the action required by a prohibition notice is not suspended pending the appeal.
See Health and Safety Inspector for more information.
HSE must be notified in writing before construction starts if the work is expected to either:
- last longer than 30 days; or
- involve more than 500 person days of construction work.
See Notify HSE for more information.
HSE is also a statutory consultee to local planning authorities on planning applications for Hazardous Substances Consent (HSC) and developments near major hazard installations and pipelines. Its role as statutory consultee is to ensure planning decisions are informed by the public safety risks arising from applications.
On 28 July 2014, HSE’s Health and Safety Laboratory (HSL) launched an enhanced pre-application service intended to make it easier and faster for developers and planning authorities to access land use planning information and advice. The Land Use Planning Pre-application Advice service will be fully rolled-out in March 2015. See HSE Land Use Planning Pre-application Advice for more information.
The Construction Industry Advisory Committee (CONIAC) advises HSE on the protection of people at work and others from hazards to health and safety within the building, civil engineering and engineering construction industries. Its membership comes from the HSE, employers, employees and key industry stakeholders, including small and medium-sized enterprises. It is chaired by the Chief Inspector of Construction.
See CONIAC for more information.
 Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki
- CDM Regulations.
- Deleterious materials.
- Fee for intervention.
- Fire authority.
- Fire and rescue service.
- Gas Safe.
- HSE land use planning pre-application advice service.
- Health and safety.
- Health and safety inspector.
- Notify HSE.
- Planning permission.
- Reporting accidents and injuries on construction sites.
- Statutory consultee.
 External references
Featured articles and news
ZHA win competition to build an Urban Heritage Administration Centre in Saudi Arabia.
Leaps, not steps, are needed to avoid a ticking time bomb, say BRE in response to Farmer Review.
A multi-purpose hall in France covered in a translucent orange membrane.
Winning designs revealed for a rock formation-influenced residential complex in Rennes.
An article explaining the techniques, regulations and environmental impacts of carbon capture and storage.
Watch one of the first documentaries by the acclaimed Adam Curtis, examining the substandard system building of the 1960s.
Take a look at the tech start-up that could transform construction design and communication.
This house in Barcelona uses an innovative new facade tiling system to blend into the landscape.
The origins, evolution and future of Level 3 BIM.
For new and returning Urban Design students, check out our article list divided up into the modules you'll be studying.
Report states that health of urban dwellers could be significantly improved by rethinking transport design.