Last edited 03 Jun 2016



[edit] Overview

The term ‘Groundscraper’ can be used to refer to a building that extends horizontally over a large distance while only being of a low to medium height. The term can also be used, along with ‘earthscraper’, to describe buildings that are constructed below ground level.

One of the early instances of a building being labeled a groundscraper was the 1930s Merchandise Mart in Chicago, which, having a 372,000 sq m floor area was almost 50% bigger than the Empire State Building.

There are several notable groundscraper projects:

[edit] New Century Global Centre, Chengdu, China

With 1.7 million sq m of floor area, this multi-purpose shopping mall is the world’s largest building in terms of floor space.

[edit] Intercontinental Shimao Shanghai Wonderland, China

This hotel complex is the first to be built below ground level, descending by 19 storeys into a disused quarry.

[edit] The Pentagon, Arlington County, USA

One of the largest and most famous groundscraper buildings, this military complex has around 600,000 sq m of floor space.

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[edit] Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki

External references