Construction industry acronyms - L
L/L - Low Level
LA - Local Authority
LABV - Local Asset Backed Vehicle
LAI - Leaf Area Index
LB - Load-Bearing
LBC - Listed Building Consent
LC - Lead Consultant
LC - London Clay
LCA - Lifecycle Assessment
LCA - Low Cost Alternative
LCD - Liquid Crystal Display (glazing)
LCF - Landfill Communities Fund
LCM - Lighting Control Module
LD - Latent Defect
LD - Lead Designer
LDC - Lawful Development Certificate (/Certificate of Lawful Development)
LDD - Local Development Document
LDEDCA - Local Democracy, Economic Development and Construction Act 2009 -
LDF - Low Density Fibreboard
LDI - Latent Defects Insurance
LDO - Local Development Order
LDPE - Low Density Polyethylene (bins, pipes & fittings)
LDS - Local Development Scheme.
LEA - Local Education Authority
LED - Light-Emitting Diode
LENI - Lighting Energy Numerical Indicator
LEP - Lowest Evaluated Price
LEV - Local Exhaust Ventilation
LEZ - Low Emission Zone
LF - Load Factor
LFS - Labour Force Survey
LGA - Local Government Area
LGA - Local Government Association
LGA - Local Government Authority
LHDG - London Housing Design Guide
LHS - Left Hand Side
LIDAR - a combination of 'light' and 'radar'
LIFT - Local Improvement Finance Trust
LL - Live Load
LL - Low Level
LLC - Limited Liability Corporation
LLFA - Lead Local Flood Authority
LNR - Local Nature Reserves
LO - Low
LOD - Level of Detail
LOI - Letter of Intent
LoL - Limitation of Liability
LOLER - Lifting Operations and Lifting Equipment Regulations
LON - Light Obstruction Notice
LoR - Letter of Reliance
LP - Lamp Post
LP - Legality of Production
LP - Lighting Panel / Lamp Post
LP - Limited Partnership
LP - Local Plan
LPA - Local Planning Authority
LPCB - Loss Prevention Certification Board
LPG - Liquefied Petroleum Gas
LPS - Last Planner System
LRFD - Load and Resistance Factor Design
LRV - Light Reflectance Value
LS - Light Switch
LSD - Limit State Design
LSF - Low Smoke or Fumes
LST - Low Surface Temperature (radiators)
LSV - Lockshield Valve
LTC - Loan To Cost ratio
Ltd - Limited Liability Company
LTHW - Low Temperature Hot Water
LV - Low Voltage
LVDC - Low-Voltage Direct Current
LVIA - Landscape and Visual Impact Assessment
LVT - Luxury Vinyl Tiles
LWSC - Long Wave Shading Coefficient
LZC - Low or Zero Carbon (Technologies)
LZCGT - Low or Zero-Carbon Generating Technology
Featured articles and news
Watch one of the first documentaries by the acclaimed Adam Curtis, examining the substandard system building of the 1960s.
Take a look at the tech start-up that could transform construction design and communication.
This house in Barcelona uses an innovative new facade tiling system to blend into the landscape.
The origins, evolution and future of Level 3 BIM.
For new and returning Urban Design students, check out our article list divided up into the modules you'll be studying.
Report states that health of urban dwellers could be significantly improved by rethinking transport design.
The Kremlin, the centre of Russian power, includes some of the country's finest architecture.
Report launched outlining steps for a national infrastructure system that is efficient, sustainable, and delivers until 2050.
A review of Justin Bere's concise and well-presented introductory guide to Passive House.
This article describes in detail the tender process for a typical commercial construction contract.
'The filing cabinet' which was labelled one of the best British buildings of the 21st century.